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SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2019年1月25日)

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Fifty years ago, Sarnoff Mednick defined the process of creative thinking as "the forming of associative elements into new combinations which either meet specific requirements or are in some way useful. The more mutually remote the elements of the new combination, the more creative the process or solution." Mednick argued that creative people have flat associative hierarchies: they are better able to access distant, remote associations. For example, when given the concept "table," Mednick predicted that creative people would be more likely to retrieve more remote associations such as "leg" or "food." In contrast, Mednick argued that less creative thinkers have a steep associative hierarchy, in which words with a higher associative strength (e.g., chair) would be more likely to enter their minds:

SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2019年1月25日)

One tool that has been used recently to look at creative cognition is Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), an objective scoring method where you can derive a measure of semantic distance. With LSA, you can quantify the similarity between words or texts based on statistical analyses of the responses of a large population.

Using this technique, Ranjani Prabhakaran, Adam Green, and Jeremy Gray found that "thin slices" of verbal behavior (single-word utterances) predicted creative cognition. In their "verb generation" task, a noun was presented every few seconds, and the participant was instructed to say the first verb that came to mind in response to the noun. The researchers analyzed the semantic distance of the responses using LSA.

They found that the greater the semantic distance of the noun-verb pairs, the higher the levels of creative cognition, story-writing ability, openness to experience, and creative achievement. Interestingly, they also found a relationship between semantic distance and traditional measures of "convergent thinking," such as IQ and working memory. This suggests that creative thinking doesn't just involve combining distant associations, but also requires consciously accessing the associations.

It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that, compared to a person with a flat associative hierarchy, a person with a steep associative hierarchy would be more likely to __________

A.adjust quickly to unfamiliar situations.
B.demonstrate skill in narrative writing.
C.struggle to recall information.
D.become fluent in multiple languages.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
specific [spi'sifik]

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adj. 特殊的,明确的,具有特效的
n. 特

联想记忆
X
单词specific 联想记忆:
speci外观+fic带来→带来外观的→具体的
 
participant [pɑ:'tisipənt]

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n. 参与者

联想记忆
X
单词participant 联想记忆:
participate参加+ant表名词,“…人”→参与者
 
unfamiliar ['ʌnfə'miljə]

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adj. 不熟悉的

 
multiple ['mʌltipl]

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adj. 许多,多种多样的
n. 倍数,并联

联想记忆
X
单词multiple 联想记忆:
multi很多,很多+pile→多的→多样的;多功能的
 
population [.pɔpju'leiʃən]

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n. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数

联想记忆
X
单词population 联想记忆:
popul人民+ation→人口
 
openness ['əupənnis]

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n. 公开;宽阔;率真

 
statistical [stə'tistikəl]

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adj. 的,学的

 
correlation [.kɔ:ri'leiʃən]

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n. 相互关系,相关

 
demonstrate ['demənstreit]

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vt. 示范,演示,证明
vi. 示威

联想记忆
X
单词demonstrate 联想记忆:
de加强语义,monst显示一加强显示一证明
 
steep [sti:p]

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adj. 陡峭的,险峻的,(价格)过高的
n.

联想记忆
X
单词steep 联想记忆:
从steep的悬崖上跳到下面的深谭中就steep了。
 


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