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SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2018年12月24日)

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Critical Reading>Select an Answer

I have already observed that, from their origin, the sovereignty of the people was the fundamental principle of the greater number of British colonies in America...

At the present day the principle of the sovereignty of the people has acquired, in the United States, all the practical development which the imagination can conceive. It is unencumbered by those fictions which have been thrown over it in other countries, and it appears in every possible form according to the exigency of the occasion. Sometimes the laws are made by the people in a body, as at Athens; and sometimes its representatives, chosen by universal suffrage, transact business in its name, and almost under its immediate control.

In some countries a power exists which, though it is in a degree foreign to the social body, directs it, and forces it to pursue a certain track. In others the ruling force is divided, being partly within and partly without the ranks of the people. But nothing of the kind is to be seen in the United States; there society governs itself for itself. All power centres in its bosom; and scarcely an individual is to be meet with who would venture to conceive, or, still less, to express, the idea of seeking it elsewhere. The nation participates in the making of its law by the choice of its legistlators, and in the execution of them by the choice of the agents of the executive government; it may almost be said to govern itself, so feeble and so restricted is the share left to the administration, so little do the authorities forget their popular origin and the power from which they emanate.

Which fact, if true, would most clearly undermine Tocqueville's primary argument about the sovereignty of the people of the United States?

A.The majority of people in the United States in 1835 were not permitted to vote.
B.Tocqueville was a French citizen who spent fewer than nine months in the United States.
C.The United States in 1835 included some states that had never been British colonies.
D.Only United States citizens meeting certain eligibility requirements have been allowed to serve in the government.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
permitted

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adj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)

 
immediate [i'mi:djət]

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adj. 立即的,即刻的,直接的,最接近的

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X
单词immediate 联想记忆:
im无+med中间+iate→无中间→即刻的;直接的
 
popular ['pɔpjulə]

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adj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的

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X
单词popular 联想记忆:
popul人民+ar…的→流行的
 
critical ['kritikəl]

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adj. 批评的,决定性的,危险的,挑剔的
a

 
venture ['ventʃə]

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n. 冒险,风险,投机
v. 尝试,谨慎地做,

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X
单词venture 联想记忆:
vent来+ure来到[危险]→冒险,冒险做
 
control [kən'trəul]

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n. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置
vt. 控制

 
principle ['prinsəpl]

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n. 原则,原理,主义,信念

 
govern ['gʌvən]

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vt. 统治,支配,管理,规定
vi. 统治,

 
unencumbered

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adj. 没有阻碍的;没有负担的;不受妨碍的

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X
单词unencumbered 联想记忆:
un不,encumber(v 阻碍),ed:没有阻碍的en进去,cumb躺,er:躺进去-阻碍
 
feeble [fi:bl]

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adj. 虚弱的,无力的

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X
单词feeble 联想记忆:
小fee象ball一样的滚没了-虚弱
 


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