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SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2018年12月3日)

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Critical Reading>Select an Answer

The benefits of humor as an individual coping mechanism and a social lubricant are well established. Humor helps people cope with pain and tragedy, reduces social conflict and promotes group cohesion. But Lehmann-Willenbrock and Allen explored whether humor in the workplace might also help a corporation boost its bottom line. In a longitudinal investigation of team efficiency and productivity, they evaluated humor patterns in the regular team meetings of two industrial organizations in Germany, and then examined short-term and long-term outcomes.

To assess humor patterns, Lehmann-Willenbrock and Allen first videotaped 54 different team meetings, each roughly forty-five minutes long, that collectively involved over 350 employees. If you find work meetings to be arduous and dull, you would not want to be on this research team, for the investigators then watched all of those meeting tapes and coded the team interactions. They were particularly interested in positive humor patterns, that is, upbeat, funny remarks followed by laughter. They intentionally did not include negative humor (sarcasm, put-downs) or failed humor (e.g., a joke followed by silence). After coding the humor patterns, they then evaluated what happened after the laughter.

Lehmann-Willenbrock and Allen found that within the meetings, humor patterns triggered problem-solving behaviors (e.g., what do you think about this approach?), procedural suggestions (e.g., let's talk about our next step), and goal orientation (e.g., we should target this issue). Humor patterns also promoted supportive behaviors like praise and encouragement, and led to new ideas and solutions.

According to the passage, the description of the research team's work serves mainly to _____
A.restate in nonscientific terms the primary goal of the study.
B.inject a note of humor into an otherwise formal discussion of the study.
C.establish the author's critical view of the researchers' methodology.
D.underscore the quantity of data the researchers collected.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
lubricant ['lu:brikənt]

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n. 润滑剂

联想记忆
X
单词lubricant 联想记忆:
lubric滑+ant表名词,“…剂”→润滑剂
 
primary ['praiməri]

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adj. 主要的,初期的,根本的,初等教育的

联想记忆
X
单词primary 联想记忆:
prim第一+ary→最初的;根本的
 
tedious ['ti:diəs]

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adj. 沉闷的,单调乏味的

联想记忆
X
单词tedious 联想记忆:
ted厌倦+ious表形容词,“…的”→冗长沉闷的
 
boring ['bɔ:riŋ]

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adj. 令人厌烦的

 
issue ['iʃju:]

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n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt

 
orientation [.ɔ:rien'teiʃən]

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n. 信仰,趋向,定位,适应,情况介绍
[计算

联想记忆
X
单词orientation 联想记忆:
orient东方+ation→向东方→定向,定位
 
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会

 
conflict ['kɔnflikt]

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n. 冲突,矛盾,斗争,战斗
vi. 冲突,争

联想记忆
X
单词conflict 联想记忆:
con共同,flict打-共同打-冲突;斗争
 
dull [dʌl]

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adj. 呆滞的,迟钝的,无趣的,钝的,暗的

 
arduous ['ɑ:djuəs]

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adj. 费力的,辛勤的,险峻的

联想记忆
X
单词arduous 联想记忆:
ard燃烧,热,uous多…的-热多-出汗一费力的
 


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