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这项运动使一位17岁的男孩被诊断出致命疾病

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One teenager in Houston, Texas, said a weightlifting session gone wrong led to his hospitalization. Last Thursday, 17-year-old Jared Shamburger talked to ABC affiliate KTRK about how he felt "super duper sore" after a 90-minute strength-training workout at the gym.

德克萨斯州休斯顿的一名青少年表示,举重失误致使他住院。上周四,17岁的Jared Shamburger对美国广播公司附属电视台KTRK讲述了在健康房进行90分钟的力量训练之后,他是"多么的痛苦"。
"Everything hurt," he said. "It hurt to the touch. It was swollen."
"我浑身都疼,"他说道。"碰一碰就会痛,而且我的身体都肿了。"
After a call to his doctor, Shamburger was hospitalized for five days with rhabdomyolysis, or rhabdo, a condition in which muscle tissue breaks down so severely that the contents of the muscle fibers leak into the bloodstream and cause a kidney blockage. Unchecked, it can lead to kidney damage and even death.
给医生打完电话后,Shamburger因横纹肌溶解或横纹肌住院5天,这种情况下,肌肉组织严重分解,致使肌肉纤维渗入血液,造成肾脏堵塞。若未经检查,这种状况会导致肾脏受损,甚至死亡。
While Shamburger is expected to make a full recovery, this alarming condition is something we've seen before. In January 2017, a University of Oregon football player was also hospitalized with rhabdomyolysis after enduring a tough "military" style workout. Vijay Jotwani, MD, a primary sports medicine physician at Houston Methodist, explained how rhabdomyolysis happens.
虽然Shamburger有望痊愈,但这一令人担忧的状况却是我们之前遇到过的。2017年一月,俄勒冈大学的一名足球运动员在历经严苛的"军事化"锻炼后因横纹肌溶解住院。休斯顿卫理公会的初级运动医师Vijay Jotwani医学博士解释了横纹肌溶解是如何发生的。
"It's a product of pushing well past your limits," he told Health in a previous interview. "You're working hard, feeling the burn and go that next step-and another step, pushing far past the point of pain. Later you have extreme muscle pain and swelling-much worse than delayed muscle soreness. You may also have dark colored urine. That's because the [protein] myoglobin from your muscles has flooded in your bloodstream and your kidneys are overwhelmed."
"这是运动超越极限的产物,"他在此前的一次访谈中对《健康》杂志说道。"你的锻炼强度很大,感觉脂肪在燃烧,然后进行了下一步锻炼--再来一步,远远超过了身体所能承受的疼痛极限。之后,你就会感到极度的肌肉疼痛和肿胀--比延后的肌肉酸痛更糟糕。你的尿液也可能呈深色状。这是因为肌肉中的蛋白质肌红蛋白已充斥在你的血液中,你的肾脏已不堪重负。"

这项运动使一位17岁的男孩被诊断出致命疾病.jpg

Rhabdomyolysis is not a common diagnosis, but it is known to affect those who do grueling workouts, such as the kind army recruits or CrossFit devotees take part in. If you push yourself hard during intense workouts, be aware of the symptoms and how you can avoid rhabdomyolysis. Part of rhabdo-related kidney damage is caused by dehydration, so staying hydrated is crucial. And if you develop severe muscle pain, swelling, stiffness and/or dark colored urine, go to the hospital.

横纹肌溶解并不是一种常见的疾病,但会对高强度锻炼的人造成影响,比如军队训练新兵或参与CrossFit运动的爱好者。如果你在强度锻炼中对自己逼的太紧,请注意这些症状,以及如何避免横纹肌溶解。与横纹肌相关的肾损伤是由脱水引起的,所以保持水分至关重要。如果出现严重的肌肉疼痛、肿胀、僵硬或深色尿液,请及时去医院检查。
Shamburger's mother Judy said the "OMG" in her kicked in when her son explained his condition. "If he hadn't caught it, if he hadn't told me, if we had just gone out of town about our way, I can't even imagine," she told KTRK.
当Shamburger解释他的症状时,他的母亲朱迪进来的时候说了句"我的天"。"如果他没有得这个病,如果他没有告诉我,如果我们都出城了,我实在不敢想象会怎么样,"她对KTRK电台说道。

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
tissue ['tiʃu:]

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n. (生物的)组织,织物,薄绢,纸巾

 
interview ['intəvju:]

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n. 接见,会见,面试,面谈
vt. 接见,采

 
dehydration [.di:hai'dreiʃən]

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n. 脱水

 
protein ['prəuti:n]

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n. 蛋白质

 
affect [ə'fekt]

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vt. 影响,作用,感动

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单词affect 联想记忆:
af一再,fect做,力求-力求使人做-影响
 
leak [li:k]

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n. 漏洞
v. 漏,渗

 
blockage ['blɔkidʒ]

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n. 封锁,妨碍

 
grueling ['ɡruəliŋ]

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n. 惩罚;劳累 adj. 累垮人的;折磨人的 v. 使

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X
单词grueling 联想记忆:
gruel(vt 使极度紧张;用重罚或逼供等使精疲力尽;n 稀粥)g鬼,ruel=rule(规则)鬼的规则就是上夜班-使精疲力尽回忆:garrulity(n 饶舌;多嘴)嘎嘎规则-鸭子规则因为比赛很cruel残酷,所以grueling。
 
affiliate [ə'filieit]

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n. 附属机构,分公司
vt. 使隶属于,接纳

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单词affiliate 联想记忆:
1)af朝向,fili儿子,ity名词后缀-成为儿子-加入;2)aff读:爱抚,表示亲密关系(affinity)-联合3)读:我非礼ate,我不但非礼你,还ate吃你的,说明我们是两口子-联合;加入
 
physician [fi'ziʃən]

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n. 内科医生

 

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