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2018年英语专业四级听力真题 对话1

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Conversation One

对话1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on Conversation One.
根据对话1回答第一题到第五题。
W: Hi, Bob. You speak very good Chinese.
女:嗨,鲍勃。你的中文讲得很好。
M: Not really, Mary. I just know a little. Actually, not being able to speak a foreign language is a bit of a British trait or a particularly British characteristic.
男:不,玛丽。我只会一点点。事实上,不会说外语是英国人的一个特点,或者是英国人的一个特别的特点。
The British are generally considered to be lazy linguists. We just don't bother to learn another language.
英国人通常被认为在学习外语方面比较懒惰。我们只是不想去学另一种语言。
W: I guess the main reason is that when you travel around the world, you find that English is spoken almost everywhere.
女:我想主要原因是你到世界的其他地方,会发现几乎所有的地方都说英语。
M: Yes, yes. We get by. We survive on just using our mother language.
男:是的,是的。我们勉强能对付过去。我们仅靠母语就生存。
W: But you seem to love learning languages a lot. How many foreign languages can you speak?
女:但是你似乎很喜欢学习语言,你能说多少种外语?
M: Not that many. A bit of German, some French, Polish a little, Chinese of course, a bit of Japanese. That's about it.
男:不是很多。一点德语,一点法语,一点波兰语,当然还有汉语,一点日语。仅此而已。
W: I'm impressed. Well, what is the second most-spoken language in England? Is it Chinese?
女:真惊人啊。那么,英国第二大语言是什么呢?是中文吗?
M: No, I don't think so.
男:不,我觉得不是。
W: Then, that must be French.
女:那一定是法语。
M: No. According to the recent census, 104 different languages are spoken in the UK and Polish is the second most spoken language, followed by Punjabi and Urdu.
男:不。根据最近的普查,英国有104种不同的语言,波兰语是第二大语言,其次是旁遮普语和乌尔都语。
W: Then, do you have to learn a foreign language in school?
女:那么,你在学校必须学外语吗?
M: No, it's not compulsory. But recently a campaign was launched to encourage everyone in the UK to learn at least 1,000 words of another language. It hopes to help Britain increase international trade.
男:不,不是强制性的。但最近发起了一项运动,鼓励英国人学习至少1000个外语单词,以期帮助英国增加国际贸易。
W: 1,000 words?
女:1000个词?
M: Yes. It's called the 1,000 Words Campaign because it says a vocabulary of 1,000 words would allow a speaker to hold a simple conversation.
男:是的。它被称为“千词运动”,因为这个运动称掌握1000词可以与人进行简单的对话。
W: That sounds like a good idea.
女:听起来是个好主意。
M: Yes. It gives you self-satisfaction and self-esteem if you can speak another language when you're travelling. And I think it also gives you an edge in a lot of different areas in the workplace.
男:是的。如果你在旅行时会说一门外语,这会带给你自我满足和自尊。而且我认为它也让你在工作中的很多不同领域都有优势。
You feel good about learning a new skill and you feel good about yourself, and it boosts your confidence. Imagine going on a holiday to Spain and being able to speak to the locals.
学习一项新技能感觉很好,你自己也会很开心,这能增强你的信心。想象一下去西班牙度假,你可以和当地人交谈。
W: Of course it does make one feel good.
女:当然会让人感觉很好。
M: And there are also the economic benefits of speaking another language. It gives you an advantage, especially if you are dealing with foreign companies.
男:说外语也有经济上的好处。这是你的一个优势,尤其是当你和外国公司打交道的时候。
W: Yes. It also shows politeness and respect for other people by showing you have made an effort.
女:是的。它也说明你很努力,表现了你的礼貌和对他人的尊重。
M: You're right. Mm, I'm afraid I must get going now. I'll have my Chinese class at 10 o'clock.
男:你说的对。嗯,恐怕我得走了。我10点要上中文课。
W: Oh, I have a class at 10 as well. OK, see you later.
女:哦,我10点也有一节课。好吧,再见。
M: See you.
男:再见。
Questions 1 to 5 are based on Conversation One.
根据对话1回答第一题到第五题。
1. According to the man, what is a British characteristic?
1. 根据男士的说法,英国人的特点是什么?
2. What is the second most-spoken language in the UK?
2. 在英国,第二大语言是什么?
3. Why was the 1,000 Words Campaign launched?
3. 为什么要发起“千词行动”?
4. According to the man, which is not considered an advantage of learning a foreign language?
4. 根据男士的说法,哪一项不属于学习外语的优势?
5. What's the most probable relationship between the man and the woman?
5. 对话中两个人最可能是什么关系?

重点单词   查看全部解释    
confidence ['kɔnfidəns]

想一想再看

adj. 骗得信任的
n. 信任,信心,把握

联想记忆
X
单词confidence 联想记忆:
con+fid相信,信念+ence→自信,信任
 
census ['sensəs]

想一想再看

n. 户口普查

联想记忆
X
单词census 联想记忆:
census=assess评估(人口)-人口普查
 
conversation [.kɔnvə'seiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 会话,谈话

联想记忆
X
单词conversation 联想记忆:
con共同+vers转→[两个齿轮对着]一起转→谈话+ation→谈话
 
impressed

想一想再看

adj. 外加的;印象深刻的;了不起的;受感动的

 
advantage [əd'vɑ:ntidʒ]

想一想再看

n. 优势,有利条件
vt. 有利于

联想记忆
X
单词advantage 联想记忆:
ad+vant来到+age名词反缀,表示“状态,总称”→利益
 
characteristic [.kæriktə'ristik]

想一想再看

adj. 特有的,典型的
n. 特性,特征,特

 
trait [treit]

想一想再看

n. 特点,特征,特性,一笔,少量

 
polish ['pɔliʃ]

想一想再看

n. 光泽,上光剂,优雅,精良
v. 擦亮,磨

联想记忆
X
单词polish 联想记忆:
pol擦亮+ish表动词,“造成…”→擦亮
 
campaign [kæm'pein]

想一想再看

n. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动
v. 从事运

联想记忆
X
单词campaign 联想记忆:
camp(n 田野,营地),aign名词后缀-营地-备战的地方
 
dealing ['di:liŋ]

想一想再看

n. 经营方法,行为态度
(复数)dealin

 


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