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2018年6月英语四级阅读真题及答案 第3套 选词填空

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Neon (霓虹) is to Hong Kong as red phone booths are to London and fog is to San Francisco. When night falls, red and blue and other colors __26__ a hazy (雾蒙蒙的) glow over a city lit up by tens of thousands of neon signs. But many of them are going dark, __27__ by more practical, but less romantic, LEDs (发光二极管).

Changing building codes, evolving tastes, and the high cost of maintaining those wonderful old signs have businesses embracing LEDs, which are energy __28__ , but still carry great cost. "To me, neon represents memories of the past," says photographer Sharon Blance, whose series Hong Kong Neon celebrates the city's famous signs. "Looking at the signs now I get a feeling of amazement, mixed with sadness."

Building a neon sign is an art practiced by __29__ trained on the job to mold glass tubes into __30__ shapes and letters. They fill these tubes with gases that glow when __31__ . Neon makes orange, while other gases make yellow or blue. It takes many hours to craft a single sign.

Blance spent a week in Hong Kong and __32__ more than 60 signs; 22 of them appear in the series that capture the signs lighting up lonely streets—an __33__ that makes it easy to admire their colors and craftsmanship. "I love the beautiful, handcrafted, old-fashioned __34__ of neon," says Blance. The signs do nothing more than __35__ a restaurant, theater, or other business, but do so in the most striking way possible.

A.alternative
B.approach
C.cast
D.challenging
E.decorative
F.efficient
G.electrified
H.identify
I.photographed
J.professionals
K.quality
L.replaced
M.stimulate
N.symbolizes
O.volunteers

重点单词   查看全部解释    
craft [krɑ:ft]

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n. 工艺,手艺,狡诈,航空器,行会成员
vt

 
mold [məuld]

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n. 模子,模型,类型,模式,雏型,真菌,软土

 
romantic [rə'mæntik]

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adj. 浪漫的
n. 浪漫的人

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X
单词romantic 联想记忆:
roman浪漫+tic表形容词,通常放在一个名词前,“与…相关的,…的”→浪漫的
 
capture ['kæptʃə]

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vt. 捕获,俘获,夺取,占领,迷住,(用照片等)留存<

联想记忆
X
单词capture 联想记忆:
cap抓-逮捕
 
striking ['straikiŋ]

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adj. 吸引人的,显著的
n. 打击

 
photographer [fə'tɔgrəfə]

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n. 摄影师

 


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