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2017年12月英语四级阅读真题及答案 第3套 选词填空

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Technological changes brought dramatic new options to Americans living in the 1990s. During this decade new forms of entertainment, commerce, research, and communication became commonplace in the U.S. The driving force behind much of this change was a(n) __26__ popularly known as the Internet.

The Internet was developed during the 1970s by the Department of Defense. In the case of an attack, military advisers suggested the __27__ of being able to operate one computer from another terminal. In the early days, the Internet was used mainly by scientists to communicate with other scientists. The Internet __28__ under government control until 1984.

One early problem faced by Internet users was speed. Phone lines could only transmit information at a __29__ rate. The development of fiber-optic (光纤) cables allowed for billions of bits of information to be received every minute. Companies like Intel developed faster microprocessors, so personal computers could process the __30__ signals at a more rapid rate.

In the early 1990s, the World Wide Web was developed, in large part, for __31__ purposes.Corporations created home pages where they could place text and graphics to sell products. Soon airline tickets, hotel __32__ , and even cars and homes could be purchased online. Universities __33__ research data on the Internet, so students could find __34__ information without leaving their dormitories. Companies soon discovered that work could be done at home and __35__ online, so a whole new class of telecommuters began to earn a living from home offices unshaven and wearing pajamas (睡衣).

A.advantage
B.commercial
C.conservation
D.equipped
E.incoming
F.innovation
G.limited
H.local
I.maintained
J.occupations
K.posted
L.remained
M.reservations
N.submitted
O.valuable

重点单词   查看全部解释    
commerce ['kɔmə:s]

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n. 商业,贸易

联想记忆
X
单词commerce 联想记忆:
com共同,merce=merchant(n 商人)-共同经商-商业
 
terminal ['tə:minl]

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n. 终端机,终点,终点站,末端
adj. 末

联想记忆
X
单词terminal 联想记忆:
termin界限+al→终结的,终端
 
valuable ['væljuəbl]

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adj. 贵重的,有价值的
n. (pl.)贵

联想记忆
X
单词valuable 联想记忆:
val强壮+uable→因为强壮,所以有价值→有价值的
 
entertainment [.entə'teinmənt]

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n. 娱乐

联想记忆
X
单词entertainment 联想记忆:
enter在中间+tain拿住+ment→在[工作]中间拿→娱乐,款待
 
military ['militəri]

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adj. 军事的
n. 军队

联想记忆
X
单词military 联想记忆:
mili米粒,吃米粒长大的人-军人
 
dramatic [drə'mætik]

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adj. 戏剧性的,引人注目的,给人深刻印象的

联想记忆
X
单词dramatic 联想记忆:
drama戏剧+tic表形容词,通常放在一个名词前,“与…相关的,…的”→戏剧性的
 
control [kən'trəul]

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n. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置
vt. 控制

 
commonplace ['kɔmənpleis]

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adj. 平凡的,陈腐的
n. 常事,老生常谈

联想记忆
X
单词commonplace 联想记忆:
common(adj 普通的),place(n 地方)
 
defense [di'fens]

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n. 防卫,防卫物,辩护
vt. 防守

 
communicate [kə'mju:nikeit]

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v. 交流,传达,沟通

联想记忆
X
单词communicate 联想记忆:
commun=common(adj 共有的)-大家共有-交流
 


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