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2017年12月英语四级听力真题及答案:第1套

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Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1. A) Her grandfather.
B) Her grandmother.
C) Her friend Erika.
D) Her little brother.
2. A) By taking pictures for passers-by.
B) By selling lemonade and pictures.
C) By working part time at a hospital.
D) By asking for help on social media.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3. A) Testing the efficiency of the new solar panel.
B) Providing clean energy to five million people.
C) Generating electric power for passing vehicles.
D) Finding cheaper ways of highway construction.
4. A) They are made from cheap materials.
B) They are only about half an inch thick.
C) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.
D) They can stand the wear and tear of natural elements.

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5. A) The lack of clues about the species.
B) Inadequate funding for research.
C) Endless fighting in the region.
D) The hazards from the desert.
6. A) To observe the wildlife in the two national parks.
B) To study the habitat of lions in Sudan and Ethiopia.
C) To identify the reasons for the lions' disappearance.
D) To find evidence of the existence of the "lost lions".
7. A) Lions' tracks.
B) Lions walking.
C) Some camping facilities.
D) Traps set by local hunters.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8. A) A special gift from the man.
B) Her wedding anniversary.
C) A call from her dad.
D) Her 'lucky birthday'.
9. A) Threw her a surprise party.
B) Took her on a trip overseas.
C) Bought her a good necklace.
D) Gave her a big model plane.
10. A) What her husband and the man are up to.
B) What has been troubling her husband.
C) The trip her husband has planned.
D) The gift her husband has bought.
11. A) He wants to find out about the couple's holiday plan.
B) He is eager to learn how the couple's holiday turns out.
C) He will tell the women the secret if her husband agrees.
D) He will be glad to be a guide for the couple's holiday trip.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. A) They take the rival's attitude into account.
B) They know when to adopt a tough attitude.
C) They see the importance of making compromises.
D) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.
13. A) They know when to stop.
B) They know how to adapt.
C) They know when to make compromises.
D) They know how to control their emotion.
14. A) They are patient.
B) They learn quickly.
C) They are good at expression.
D) They uphold their principles.
15. A) Clarify items of negotiation.
B) Make clear one's intentions.
C) Get to know the other side.
D) Formulate one's strategy.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) How space research benefits people on Earth.
B) When the International Space Station was built.
C) How many space shuttle missions there will be.
D) When America's earliest space program started.
17. A) They tried to make best use of the latest technology.
B) They tried to meet astronauts' specific requirements.
C) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.
D) They accurately calculated the speed of the orbiting shuttles.
18. A) They are expensive to make.
B) They are extremely accurate.
C) They were first made in space.
D) They were invented in the 1970s.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A) Everything was natural and genuine then.
B) People had plenty of land to cultivate then.
C) It marked the beginning of something new.
D) It was when her ancestors came to America.
20. A) They were known to be creative.
B) They enjoyed living a life of ease.
C) They had all kinds of entertainment.
D) They believed in working for goals.
21. A) Chatting with her ancestors.
B) Doing needlework by the fire.
C) Furnishing her country house.
D) Polishing all the silver work.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A) Sit down and try to calm yourself.
B) Call your family or friends for help.
C) Use a map to identify your location.
D) Try to follow your footprints back.
23. A) You may end up entering a wonderland.
B) You may get drowned in a sudden flood.
C) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.
D) You may find a way out without your knowing it.
24. A) Walk uphill.
B) Look for food.
C) Start a fire.
D) Wait patiently.
25. A) Check the local weather.
B) Find a map and a compass.
C) Prepare enough food and drink.
D) Inform somebody of your plan.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
uphold [ʌp'həuld]

想一想再看

v. 支撑,赞成,鼓励

联想记忆
X
单词uphold 联想记忆:
up向上+hold拿→向上拿住→支持;拥护
 
genuine ['dʒenjuin]

想一想再看

adj. 真正的,真实的,真诚的

联想记忆
X
单词genuine 联想记忆:
genu=birth出生,产生+ine→产生→来源清楚→真正的,纯正的
 
species ['spi:ʃiz]

想一想再看

n. (单复同)物种,种类

 
adapt [ə'dæpt]

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vt. 使适应,改编
vi. 适应,适合

联想记忆
X
单词adapt 联想记忆:
ad一再+apt适应,能力→一再适应〔环境〕→使适应,适应(环境)
 
adopt [ə'dɔpt]

想一想再看

v. 采用,收养,接受

联想记忆
X
单词adopt 联想记忆:
ad朝向,opt选择-通过选择-采纳
 
calculated ['kælkjuleitid]

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adj. 计算出的;适合的;有计划的 v. 计算;估计;

 
construction [kən'strʌkʃən]

想一想再看

n. 建设,建造,结构,构造,建筑物

联想记忆
X
单词construction 联想记忆:
con共同+struct建立+ion→建设
 
negotiation [ni.gəuʃi'eiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 谈判,协商

联想记忆
X
单词negotiation 联想记忆:
读:你got,ia,tion-你有得到东西的病-需要通过谈判
 
inform [in'fɔ:m]

想一想再看

v. 通知,告诉,向 ... 报告,告发

联想记忆
X
单词inform 联想记忆:
in进+form形状→进入形式→正式通知
 
inadequate [in'ædikwit]

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adj. 不充分的,不适当的

 


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