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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):加州或面临最严重的火灾季节

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California May Face Worst Fire Season

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The largest wildfire in California history took just 11 days to burn an area nearly the size of Los Angeles.

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The fire is just one of several that could make this the worst fire season in American history.

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Mark Hartwig is president of the California Fire Chiefs Association. He told the Associated Press that, "For whatever reason, fires are burning much more intensely, much more quickly than they were before."

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About 14,000 firefighters are working to contain the state's 18 fires in the middle of an unusually hot, often windy summer. The firefighters come from communities across the United States and even as far away as New Zealand.

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Some of the largest fires have started within the past few weeks as California has record setting temperatures. Historically, the worst months of wildfire season are still to come.

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Last month, California's Death Valley set a world record for the hottest month ever. The average temperature in July was 42.28 degrees Celsius. That is higher than the earlier world record, set last year, also in Death Valley.

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California Governor Jerry Brown spoke about climate change last week. He said, "Since civilization emerged 10,000 years ago, we haven't had this kind of heat condition, and it's going to continue getting worse. That's the way it is."

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Wildfires in Europe

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On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, another major wildfire is burning in the Algarve area of Southern Portugal.

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The Portuguese Civil Protection Agency said almost 1,300 firefighters were sent to the fire since it started last week. Last year, 109 people died as a result of the wildfires across Portugal.

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Prime Minister Antonio Costa said that strong winds have slowed efforts to control the fire. But the hot weather that has covered much of Europe for weeks is starting to cool down. Weather experts said they expected a high temperature of 31 degrees Celsius for the Algarve on Wednesday.

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I'm Anna Matteo.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
spoke [spəuk]

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v. 说,说话,演说

 
haven ['heivn]

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n. 港口,避难所,安息所 v. 安置 ... 于港中,

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单词haven 联想记忆:
源于heaven(n 天空;天堂)是神仙的避难所have,n:有一个n(山洞)当作避难所
 
temperature ['tempritʃə(r)]

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n. 温度,气温,体温,发烧

 
offensive [ə'fensiv]

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adj. 令人不快的,侮辱的,攻击用的
n.

 
contain [kən'tein]

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vt. 包含,容纳,克制,抑制
vi. 自制

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单词contain 联想记忆:
con全部,tain拿-全部拿住-包含
 
control [kən'trəul]

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n. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置
vt. 控制

 
puzzled

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adj. 困惑的;搞糊涂的;茫然的

 
prime [praim]

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adj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的
n.

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单词prime 联想记忆:
源于:prim(adj 整洁的;最好的;早的)
 
association [ə.səusi'eiʃən]

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n. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想

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单词association 联想记忆:
as加强+soc社会+ion→社团;联合
 
setting ['setiŋ]

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n. 安装,放置,周围,环境,(为诗等谱写的)乐曲

 

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