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经济学人:一周要闻 中美贸易战愈演愈烈 特斯拉或将私有化 纽约议会暂停发放新牌照

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The world this week: Business

本周要闻:经济
Even by the standard of his previous capricious outbursts, Elon Musk’s tweet that he is thinking about taking Tesla private left investors scratching their heads. Such a buyout would be the biggest in history. In a memo on the carmaker’s website, Mr Musk said he was considering the move to shield Tesla, which has been plagued by production problems, from the short-term demands of public markets and to stop short sellers from attacking Tesla’s shares. Some wondered whether such a significant disclosure about the business followed the proper regulatory rules. Mr Musk’s announcement came on the heels of reports that a Saudi investment fund had taken a stake in the company.
即便了解埃隆·马斯克(Elon Musk)经常作出反复无常的言论,但是,他正在考虑将特斯拉私有化的那则推特(tweet)也让投资者摸不着头脑。这将是历史上规模最大的一次收购。在特斯拉网站上的一份备忘录中,马斯克表示,他正考虑采取行动,以保护特斯拉免受公共市场短期需求的影响,以及阻止卖空者攻击特斯拉股票,特斯拉一直受到生产问题的困扰。一些人怀疑,如此重大的商业信息披露是否遵循了适当的监管规则。在马斯克发表上述声明之前,有报道称,一家沙特投资基金入股了该公司。

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The trade war between America and China intensified. The Trump administration proceeded with plans to impose tariffs on a further $16bn-worth of goods from China, which come into effect on August 23rd. China said it would respond in kind. It had earlier threatened to levy new duties on $60bn-worth of American exports if America implemented tariffs on another $200bn-worth of Chinese products.

中美贸易战愈演愈烈。特朗普政府继续计划对价值160亿美元的中国商品加征关税,该计划将于8月23日生效。中国表示,将采取同样的方式作为回应。此前,中国曾威胁称,如果美国对另外价值2000亿美元的中国产品征收关税,那么中方将对价值600亿美元的美国出口产品征收新关税。

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Germany’s economy ministry in part blamed “uncertainties” in trade for a decline in manufacturing orders. Orders from within the euro zone and domestically fell by almost 3% between May and June. Those from outside the currency bloc dipped by 6%.

德国经济部将制造业订单下跌部分归咎于贸易的“不确定性”。从5月份到6月份,来自欧元区内部和国内的订单下跌了近3%。而来自欧元区以外的国家的订单下降了6%。
New York’s city council voted to stop issuing new licences for ride-hailing cars for a year while it reassesses the industry, and also to set a minimum wage for drivers. Although existing licensed drivers will still be allowed to operate, the ruling is a setback for Uber in its biggest market.
纽约市议会(New York city council)投票决定,在对共享汽车服务行业重新进行评估的一年内停止发放新牌照,并为司机设定最低工资。尽管现有的持牌司机仍可运营,但该裁决对优步而言是其在最大市场上遭遇的一个挫折。
Unfazed by American sanctions and boosted by higher oil prices, Rosneft’s quarterly net profit surged, to 228bn roubles ($3.7bn). After years of big acquisitions, the Russian oil producer, the world’s biggest listed oil company by output, said its buoyant earnings reflected improved efficiency.
由于油价上升,俄罗斯石油公司(Rosneft)季度净利润飙升至2280亿卢布(合37亿美元),丝毫没有受到美国制裁的影响。经过多年的大规模收购后,这家全球产量最大的上市石油公司表示,其强劲的利润反映出效率提高。
Glencore’s headline profit for the first half of the year rose to $8.3bn, a record for the mining and commodities-trading firm. Its metals business benefited from rising commodity prices in the first half, particularly in battery-related metals such as nickel and cobalt. However, cobalt prices have plunged recently, as China has upped its exports of the metal.
今年上半年,嘉能可的整体利润增至83亿美元,创下这家矿业及大宗商品交易公司的最高纪录。该公司的金属业务受益于上半年大宗商品的价格上涨,尤其是镍和钴等电池相关的金属。然而,随着中国钴的出口量增加,钴的价格最近出现大幅下跌。

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

重点单词   查看全部解释    
announcement [ə'naunsmənt]

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n. 通知,发表,宣布

联想记忆
X
单词announcement 联想记忆:
an+nounce=speak讲话,说出→一再讲→宣布,发表宣布,发表+ment→通告
 
impose [im'pəuz]

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v. 加上,课征,强迫,征收(税款)

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单词impose 联想记忆:
im进入,pose放-把你放在一个被强迫的状态-强制实行
 
shield ['ʃi:ld]

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n. 盾,防卫物,盾状物
vt. 保护,遮蔽

 
credibility [.kredi'biliti]

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n. 可信,确实性,可靠

 
levy ['levi]

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n. 征税,召集
vt. 征收,发动(战争

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单词levy 联想记忆:
lev升起,y-把税收起来-征税
 
avoid [ə'vɔid]

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vt. 避免,逃避

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单词avoid 联想记忆:
a朝向,void空-空城计-避开
 
decline [di'klain]

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n. 衰微,跌落; 晚年
v. 降低,婉谢

 
setback ['setbæk]

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n. 顿挫,挫折,退步

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单词setback 联想记忆:
set back(v 阻碍;使挫折;把表针往回拨)
 
operate ['ɔpəreit]

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v. 操作,运转,经营,动手术

 
previous ['pri:vjəs]

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adj. 在 ... 之前,先,前,以前的

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单词previous 联想记忆:
pne以前+vi路[引申为走]+ous→以前走过的→以前的
 

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